The Comeback

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“Don’t let your heads drop. All the players who go on the pitch after half-time have to keep their heads held high. We are Liverpool. You are playing for Liverpool. Do not forget that. You have to hold your heads high for the supporters. You have to do it for them. You cannot call yourselves Liverpool players if you have your heads down. If we create a few chances we have the possibility of getting back into this. Believe you can do it and you will. Give yourself the chance to be heroes.”Benítez also told the players when they could hear the Liverpool fans into the wardrobe at half time: “Listen to them, we’re 3-0 down and they’re singing higher than ever, do it for them”

(Rafa Benitez – Half time. Ataturk Stadium. Istanbul. 25th May 2005)
~I'm not a even a fan of Liverpool

The Wisdom of Crowds.. Well, Sort Of

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At a livestock fair in 1906, the famous statistician Francis Galton observed visitors taking part in a contest to guess an ox’s weight in pounds.  The outcomes were shocking: although absolutely no individual, as well as the authorities, could speculate the ox’s specific weight, the average visitors’ estimations was merely pound over the animal’s real weight. Quite simply, the collective estimation was far more accurate than anybody else.

Galton discovered how several grouped people ended up being, indeed, wiser than each of its personal members (including experts). The tv program ‘Who wants to be a new Millionaire?’ is another example of the phenomenon. Candidates for the show need to answer round after round of multiple-choice inquiries to win the prize and, in middle of the quiz, can choose “lifelines” for help. They can use the Ask-the-Expert lifeline to contact an expert for tips, or the Ask-the-Audience lifeline to reveal the audience’s viewpoint. One research showed that only 65 percent on the experts had been right, while 91 percent on the crowd’s ballots were correct.

However, an instant glance at history could state that not all groups tend to be wise: we witness flaming crowds, violent mobs along with mindless herd behavior frequently. Certainly, there are also errors within collective intelligence that may lead a group to produce faulty decisions. But in the event the group manages to be diverse, work as a group and foster open dialogues, the “wisdom of crowds” seriously isn’t a incomprehensible cliché, but truly – as the examples above show – the surprising reality. Big groups likely able to solve problems better than individuals.